Argyrin a reveals a critical role for the tumor suppressor protein p27(kip1) in mediating antitumor activities in response to proteasome inhibition
Authors: Nickeleit I, Zender S, Sasse F, Geffers R, Brandes G, Sörensen I, Steinmetz H, Kubicka S, Carlomagno T, Menche D, Gütgemann I, Buer J, Gossler A, Manns MP, Kalesse M, Frank R, Malek NP
CellNetworks People: Carlomagno Teresa
Journal: Cancer Cell. 2008 Jul 8;14(1):23-35. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2008.05.016

A reduction in the cellular levels of the cyclin kinase inhibitor p27(kip1) is frequently found in many human cancers and correlates directly with patient prognosis. In this work, we identify argyrin A, a cyclical peptide derived from the myxobacterium Archangium gephyra, as a potent antitumoral drug. All antitumoral activities of argyrin A depend on the prevention of p27(kip1) destruction, as loss of p27(kip1) expression confers resistance to this compound. We find that argyrin A exerts its effects through a potent inhibition of the proteasome. By comparing the cellular responses exerted by argyrin A with siRNA-mediated knockdown of proteasomal subunits, we find that the biological effects of proteasome inhibition per se depend on the expression of p27(kip1).